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Native geographic location and habitat. Cherry Birch (Betula lenta) Cherry birch is a large tree that grows from a single main trunk. University of Florida Environmental Horticulture, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Betula_populifolia&oldid=945753781, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 March 2020, at 22:49. It is also planted as an ornamental in naturalistic landscapes. Gray birch, also spelled Grey Birch, also called Oldfield Birch, Wire Birch, or Poplar-leaved Birch, (Betula populifolia), slender ornamental tree of the family Betulaceae, found in clusters on moist sites in northeastern North America. It grows in dry to draining wet soils in … Omissions? This is a cultivar of a tree n ative to the northeastern United States. The bark of the saplings and trees is white, but punctuated with gray chevrons where the branches meet the trunk. Betula populifolia bark, Vermont, US. Nielsen, David G., Vanessa L. Muilenburg, and Daniel A. Herms. It ranges from southeastern Ontario east to Nova Scotia, and south to Pennsylvania and New Jersey, with disjunct populations in Indiana, Virginia, and North Carolina. The tree often has multiple trunks branching off of an old stump. https://www.britannica.com/plant/gray-birch, Missouri Botanical Garden - Betula populifolia. The wood is medium hard and is used for high grade plywood, furniture, drum shells, spools and firewood. ©J.S. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Check out our gray birch tree selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our shops. to Bronze Birch Borer." Reply. Cold Stream Farm supplies Gray Birch trees which are grown as bare root seedlings and transplants and sold both wholesale and retail with no minimum order. Shiny, red … A good selection for poor soils and other difficult sites, it also demonstrates some resistance to bronze birch borer (BBB). In spring, tiny yellowish-brown male flowers appear in drooping catkins, 4 in. With its whimsical branches and gorgeous fall foliage, the birch tree is a … Bright green leaves turn a yellow fall color. Habitats include burnt-over areas of sandy woodlands and sandy savannas, scrubby sand prairies, thickets, banks of Living only about 30 years, it is a common pioneer species on abandoned fields and burned areas. Shows some resistant to bronze birch borer. It occurs to some extent statewide, but is only abundant in the southern and eastern sections of the state. 0. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership - Now 30% off. Gray, Paper Birch Trees Another birch tree grown as much for its peeling bark as for its fall foliage is the paper birch (Betula papyrifera). Tough and tender bark of gray, white, brown birch tree Gray Birch Betula populifolia - #14 Smallest of the northeastern birches, this tree tends to grow in attractive clumps and is easily identified by its dull, chalky-to-grey bark highlighted by black triangular patches where the branches meet the trunk. Similar to paper birch but smaller and with a more southerly range. populations of Gray Birch in Illinois may be naturalized descendants of cultivated trees. BioOne. Check out our gray birch trees selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our shops. Deciduous tree, 30-40 ft (10-12 m) tall, upright habit, bark attractive, grayish-white with black markings, leaves glossy green, yellow in fall. Between about 1930 and 1950, many gray birch trees, along with paper birch and yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis), were affected and killed by birch dieback disease.[3]. Armillaria root rot Armillaria spp. Web. Birch will bleed sap if pruned in winter or early spring, so wait until the leaves are out on your Birch trees before you prune them. We also have an alcove where residents gather and socialize. This easy care tree thrives in either full sun or partial shade. Bark color and texture Young trees have a reddish-brown color, older trees develop a chalky white bark that does not peel. The Silver birch garners its name from the fact that as it matures the bark turns a silvery gray. The red-brown or gray bark of young stems and branches whitens as the tree matures, becoming red orange on the inner surface. Harlow & Harrar's Textbook of Dendrology. Young trees have smooth bark. [1] The bark is chalky to grayish white with black triangular patches where branch meets trunk. Birch trees are recognizable by their bark, which peels off in strips in all birches except the gray birch. The fruit, maturing in autumn, is composed of many tiny winged seeds packed between the catkin bracts. Hardy to USDA Zone 4 It is a short-lived, small, pioneer species that readily colonizes clearings. In one variety, the leaves are purplish when young. "Interspecific Variation in Resistance of Asian, European, and North American Birches (Betula Spp.) Our plants are grown from seed collected from the original Whitespire Birch selection in an isolated seed block. [2] The leaves of the gray birch serve as food for various Lepidoptera, such as the leaf miner moth Cameraria betulivora. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Birch, any of about 40 species of short-lived ornamental and timber trees and shrubs constituting...…. G ray birch is a short-lived and not particu-larly valuable tree. Gray birch grows quickly to 20 to 30 feet tall and 15 inch trunk diameter, with an irregular open crown of slender branches. Betula populifolia (gray or grey birch) is a deciduous tree native to eastern North America. No need to use pruning paint. Landscaping: Gray birch is an attractive tree that is often used as a winter landscape plant or when space limitations require the use of trees with a smaller stature. The birch tree is popular among homeowners due to its beautiful bark, modest size and graceful branches. This tree is noted for (1) its non-peeling chalky white bark with dark chevron trunk patches appearing below each branch base and (… Preferred hosts are European white birch and whitebarked Himalayan birch; paper birch, gray birch are also attacked; river birch is rarely infested; More information on Bronze birch borer; 2 of 5. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2001. It is native primarily from Southeastern Canada to Virginia, with a scattering of plants extending westward to Illinois. It prefers poor, dry upland soils, but is also found in moist mixed woodlands. This tree is wonderful in urban settings. The White Birch tree is characterized by its beautiful white bark (when mature) and drooping branches, whereas the River Birch tree has a brownish-red exfoliating bark and pyramidal to rounded … "Grey birch" redirects here. Print. Rarely 12 m (40 feet) tall, it is covered almost to the ground with flexible branches that form a narrow, pyramidal crown. By the time the tree is old, its bark has darkened considerably and taken on a rough and fissured appearance. 25 Sept. 2013. Quick growing but short-lived, it seeds prolifically, providing burned or abandoned areas with a ground cover that protects the seedlings of more permanent trees. Corrections? Gray birch, also spelled Grey Birch, also called Oldfield Birch, Wire Birch, or Poplar-leaved Birch, (Betula populifolia), slender ornamental tree of the family Betulaceae, found in clusters on moist sites in northeastern North America. March 24, 2004. Gray white trunk of a birch tree with green branches in foliage. Resistant to bronze birch borer and air pollution. See also birch. (Gray Birch has been crossed with red-leaved cultivars of European White Birch to get more heat and drought resistant trees.) It is frequently found in old fields, burns and heavi-ly-cut areas.This is a small tree that commonly Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Originally thought to be Betula platyphylla japonica, Whitespire has recently been identified as Betula populifolia, Gray Birch, a species known to be bronze birch borer resistant. Small, often multi-stemmed tree with white bark. It most often appears in … Average Dried Weight: 35 lbs/ft 3 (560 kg/m 3) ... I’m Guessing they use the gray birch clubs for ceremonies And dances, and They use the yellow birch for clubs that would be used in actual combat. For the moth, see. However, they can be easily distinguished by bark texture or leaf shape. They are dark green and glabrous above and paler below, with a coarsely serrated margin. Birch is a lovely tree with ornate bark - which can be white, grey, yellow, silver or black - that is often used in furniture due to its high-quality wood. Betula populifolia leaves, New Brunswick, Canada. 90 GRAY BIRCH G B Betula populifolia Marsh. Betula populifolia (gray or grey birch) is a deciduous tree native to eastern North America. Sun, will grow on poor soil, both wet and dry. The thin bark of gray birch is very flammable, so the tree is easily injured by fire [4,31]. Additional information on Betula populifolia can be found on the link: USDA / NRCS PLANTS Database. Bark of the birch can be white, grey, yellow, silver or black in color. Betula populifolia, commonly called gray birch, is a short-lived, narrow-columnar, suckering, deciduous tree that typically grows to 20-40’ tall. Starker lists gray birch as low in resistance to fire, ranking it 17th out of 22 fire-resistant hardwoods in the northeastern United States. Gray birch… gray birch Betulaceae Betula populifolia Marshall symbol: BEPO Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately-veined, triangular with a very elongated acuminate tip, 2 to 3 inches long, doubly serrate margin, green above and paler below. Its fall foliage color is yellow. Updates? Betula populifolia, commonly called gray birch, is a short-lived, narrow-columnar, suckering, deciduous tree that typically grows to 20-40 tall. Like other North American birches, gray birch is highly resistant to the bronze birch borer (Agrilus anxius). Deep ridges on the bark are characteristic for the older plants. Although the grey birch exhibits a smooth, thin white bark which can easily be confused with that of the paper birch (Betula papyrifera), it does not readily exfoliate. Birch tree seeds and bark are often eaten by area wildlife. It can also be planted as a nurse tree to protect more valuable pines in the landscape that require protection to become established. Two of the most common birch tree species in the Northeast are the River Birch and White Birch. Providing interest year round, this birch tree deserves a prominent spot in the landscape where its natural beauty can be enjoyed day after day. long (10 cm). Black triangular patches form on bark, under branches. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Our day room allows families to gather and residents to participate in activities or enjoy quiet time. Eastern North America can be easily distinguished by bark texture or leaf shape planted as ornamental! Get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox it typically occurs in both dry and wet soils …! From seed collected from the fact that as it matures the bark are often by... 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